For the "First Time" in human history the Messenger of God has laid out a judicial process/mechanism for humanity. Bahá'u'lláh has ordained that in every town a "Local House of Justice" be established, comprised of nine members. They are elected annually all over the planet on April 21st by secret ballot without nomination or campaigning. People vote for the nine people with the best minds, the most loving heats, the greatest wisdom and best proven record of service - the nine best people in the community. Elected in love and harmony, they come together to consult in the most loving and wisest ways possible to educate, uplift, and guide a Bahá'í Community, as well as uphold Bahá'í Laws through rewards but also appropriate punishments. This is a very Unique Institution that Bahá'u'lláh has brought, unlike any other previous religious institution.
Bahá'u'lláh describes appropriate governing/judicial process in these terms:
"It is incumbent upon everyone to observe God's holy commandments, inasmuch as they are the wellspring of life unto the world. The heaven of divine wisdom is illumined with the two luminaries of consultation and compassion and the canopy of world order is upraised upon the two pillars of reward and punishment.
( Bahá'u'lláh, Tablets of Bahá'u'lláh, p. 126)